Age: 12,303.6 ± 12,662.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: C16294T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: D4
Descendant branch(s): D4i1 D4i2 D4i3

YFull Info

Name: D4i

Age: 30300 to 25800 ybp [95% CI]

Expansion: 28300 to 18200 ybp [95% CI]

Variants: C16294T

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup D4i is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 25,000 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup D4i Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 D4i 16294 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 D4i 16294 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 D4i 16294 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 D4i 16294 Released 10 May 2009
05 D4i 16294 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 D4i 16294 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 D4i 16294 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 D4i 16294 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 D4i 16294 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 D4i 16294 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 D4i 16294 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 D4i 16294 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 D4i 16294 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 D4i C16294T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 D4i C16294T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 D4i C16294T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 D4i C16294T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup D4i Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5010741 Japan Kazuno et al., 2005 D4i D4i* D4i:16129 D4i:315.1C, 8080, 16304, 16519
Hap5011176 Ko et al., 2014 D4i D4i3a D4i:195 D4i:3798, 4936, 10652, 14178, 16114, 16318, 16519
Hap5011996 Mikami et al., 2013 D4i D4i* D4i:16129 D4i:228T, 315.1C, 14070, 15734, 16519
Hap5012023 Mikami et al., 2013 D4i D4i* D4i:16129 D4i:315.1C, 11150, 16519
Hap5014972 Japan Tanaka et al., 2004 D4i D4i* D4i:16129 D4i:315.1C, 485, 3196C, 16111, 16229, 16519
Hap5015129 Japan Tanaka et al., 2004 D4i D4i* D4i:13105, 16129 D4i:150, 309.1C, 315.1C, 770, 16519
Hap5018089 Nepal Wang HW et al., 2012 D4i D4i3* D4i:195 D4i:315.1C, 3184, 4736, 4936, 7444, 15856, 16093, 16114, 16318, 16519
Hap5022529 Zheng et al., 2011 D4i D4i:146 D4i:310N, 6680, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10046680 United States United States China China
Hap10046681 India India India India
Hap10046682 Italy Italy Italy Italy
Hap10046683 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10046684 Russia Russia Russia Russia
Hap10046685 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046686 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046687 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046688 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046689 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046690 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046691 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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