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Age: 1,509.2 ± 2,102.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G4959A C9851T C16294T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: D4h3a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup D4h3a4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 3,600 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup D4h3a4 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

05D4h3a44959 9851 16294Released 8 Jul 2009
06D4h3a44959 9851 16294Released 28 Sep 2009
07D4h3a44959 9851 16294Released 10 Nov 2009
08D4h3a44959 9851 16294Released 21 Mar 2010
09D4h3a44959 9851 16294Released 20 Jun 2010
10D4h3a44959 9851 16294Released 10 Aug 2010
11D4h3a44959 9851 16294Released 7 Feb 2011
12D4h3a44959 9851 16294Released 20 Jul 2011
13D4h3a44959 9851 16294Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14D4h3a4G4959A C9851T C16294TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15D4h3a4G4959A C9851T C16294TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16D4h3a4G4959A C9851T C16294TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17D4h3a4G4959A C9851T C16294TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup D4h3a4 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5016203Perego et al., 2009noneD4h3a4:309.1C, 315.1C, 8998
Hap5016204Perego et al., 2009noneD4h3a4:315.1C, 16519
Hap5016205Perego et al., 2009noneD4h3a4:315.1C, 4413, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|