Age: 12,953.8 ± 2,580.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: The Americas
Mutations: T3396C C4025T G6285A A8946G C9458T A16241G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: D4h3
Descendant branch(s): D4h3a1 D4h3a2 D4h3a3 D4h3a4 D4h3a5 D4h3a6 D4h3a7 D4h3a8 D4h3a9


Haplogroup D4h3a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 10,400 and 15,500 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).


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Ancient DNA

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Modern Populations

Today, this lineage is present in the Native populations along the coastline of North America and in isolated South American populations.

mtDNA Haplogroup D4h3a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

05D4h3a3396 4025 6285 8946 9458 16241Released 8 Jul 2009
06D4h3a3396 4025 6285 8946 9458 16241Released 28 Sep 2009
07D4h3a3396 4025 6285 8946 9458 16241Released 10 Nov 2009
08D4h3a3396 4025 6285 8946 9458 16241Released 21 Mar 2010
09D4h3a3396 4025 6285 8946 9458 16241Released 20 Jun 2010
10D4h3a3396 4025 6285 8946 9458 16241Released 10 Aug 2010
11D4h3a3396 4025 6285 8946 9458 16241Released 7 Feb 2011
12D4h3a3396 4025 6285 8946 9458 16241Released 20 Jul 2011
13D4h3a3396 4025 6285 8946 9458 16241Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14D4h3aT3396C C4025T G6285A A8946G C9458T A16241GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15D4h3aT3396C C4025T G6285A A8946G C9458T A16241GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16D4h3aT3396C C4025T G6285A A8946G C9458T A16241GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17D4h3aT3396C C4025T G6285A A8946G C9458T A16241GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup D4h3a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5009360Hartmann et al., 2008D4h3a:3594, 16187D4h3a:309.1C, 315.1C, 709, 16203, 16245, 16319, 16468, 16519, 16533
Hap5014550Tamm et al., 2007noneD4h3a:309.1C, 315.1C, 6480, 16291, 16519
Hap5016217Perego et al., 2009D4h3a:16129, 16189, 16278D4h3a:315.1C, 1309, 8296, 11890, 12338, 13748, 16111, 16183C, 16193.1C, 16519
Hap5016218Perego et al., 2009noneD4h3a:315.1C, 742, 7805, 10652, 12188, 12906A, 16092, 16183C, 16235, 16519
Hap5016219Perego et al., 2009noneD4h3a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 5192, 5745, 8718, 12771, 16255, 16390, 16519
Hap5016220Perego et al., 2009noneD4h3a:309.1C, 315.1C, 11465, 12717, 15791, 16519
Hap5016221Perego et al., 2009D4h3a:16241D4h3a:185, 315.1C, 16256, 16519
Hap5016222Perego et al., 2009noneD4h3a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 10256, 16519
Hap5016223Perego et al., 2009noneD4h3a:309.1C, 315.1C, 14287, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10046654United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10046656United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: October 4, 2018 at 18:32 pm

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