Age: 18,257.8 ± 2,917.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: The Americas
Mutations: T152C! G13135A C16301T T16342C
Parent Branch: D4h
Descendant branch(s): D4h3a D4h3b


Haplogroup D4h3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 15,300 and 21,200 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: D4h3
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: the Americas
Blurb: This point in your ancestors' story took place in a group that was migrating south from North America to South America. From its birthplace, this line spread through South America.Today, geneticists have found this lineage most often among the Catamarca, where it is 25 percent of the population. This rare lineage is also about 6 percent of the Cayapa and around 1 percent of the Ngäbe.Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic


mtDNA Haplogroup D4h3 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01D4h3152 3396 4025 6285 8946 9458 13135 16241 16301 16342Released 27 Aug 2008
02D4h3152 3396 4025 6285 8946 9458 13135 16241 16301 16342Released 14 Oct 2008
03D4h3152 3396 4025 6285 8946 9458 13135 16241 16301 16342Released 1 Mar 2009
04D4h3152 3396 4025 6285 8946 9458 13135 16241 16301 16342Released 10 May 2009
05D4h3152 13135 16301 16342Released 8 Jul 2009
06D4h3152 13135 16301 16342Released 28 Sep 2009
07D4h3152 13135 16301 16342Released 10 Nov 2009
08D4h3152 13135 16301 16342Released 21 Mar 2010
09D4h3152 13135 16301 16342Released 20 Jun 2010
10D4h3152 13135 16301 16342Released 10 Aug 2010
11D4h3152 13135 16301 16342Released 7 Feb 2011
12D4h3152 13135 16301 16342Released 20 Jul 2011
13D4h3152 13135 16301 16342Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14D4h3T152C! G13135A C16301T T16342CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15D4h3T152C! G13135A C16301T T16342CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16D4h3T152C! G13135A C16301T T16342CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17D4h3T152C! G13135A C16301T T16342CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup D4h3 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 16, 2018 at 5:16 am

2018-08-16T05:16:36+00:00June 6th, 2016|