Age: 17,132.9 ± 4,126.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: A4131G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: D4g2
Descendant branch(s): D4g2b1

YFull Info

Name: D4g2b

Age: 24800 to 15800 ybp [95% CI]

Expansion: 25400 to 10500 ybp [95% CI]

Variants: A4131G

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup D4g2b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 13,000 and 21,300 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup D4g2b Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
05 D4g2b (263) 4131 13359 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 D4g2b (263!) 4131 13359 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 D4g2b (263!) 4131 13359 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 D4g2b (263!) 4131 13359 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 D4g2b 4131 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 D4g2b 4131 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 D4g2b 4131 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 D4g2b 4131 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 D4g2b 4131 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 D4g2b A4131G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 D4g2b A4131G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 D4g2b A4131G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 D4g2b A4131G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup D4g2b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5016514 Russia Derenko et al., 2010 D4g2b D4g2b* none D4g2b:315.1C, 316, 8793, 13287, 14221, 15893, 16188
Hap5016666 Yang et al., 2009b D4g2b D4g2b* D4g2b:152, 298, 14783, 16189 D4g2b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3421, 3635, 16140, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10046642 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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