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Age: 3,649.5 ± 3,030.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G709A
Parent Branch: D4g1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup D4g1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 600 and 6,700 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup D4g1c Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01D4g1c709Released 27 Aug 2008
02D4g1c709Released 14 Oct 2008
03D4g1c709Released 1 Mar 2009
04D4g1c709Released 10 May 2009
05D4g1c709Released 8 Jul 2009
06D4g1c709Released 28 Sep 2009
07D4g1c709Released 10 Nov 2009
08D4g1c709Released 21 Mar 2010
09D4g1c709Released 20 Jun 2010
10D4g1c709Released 10 Aug 2010
11D4g1c709Released 7 Feb 2011
12D4g1c709Released 20 Jul 2011
13D4g1c709Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14D4g1cG709AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15D4g1cG709AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16D4g1cG709AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17D4g1cG709AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup D4g1c Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5011861Mikami et al., 2013noneD4g1c:315.1C, 8929, 16519
Hap5011921Mikami et al., 2013noneD4g1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 16269, 16519
Hap5011977Mikami et al., 2013noneD4g1c:315.1C, 16519
Hap5014680Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4g1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 8929, 16519
Hap5014883Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4g1c:315.1C, 9851, 16519
Hap5015172Tanaka et al., 2004D4g1c:573.1XCD4g1c:315.1C, 961, 16260, 16519
Hap5022523Zheng et al., 2011D4g1c:573.1XC, 2885D4g1c:567.1N, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|