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Age: 5,866.7 ± 2,910.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A15874G
Parent Branch: D4e
Descendant branch(s): D4e2a D4e2b D4e2c D4e2d


Haplogroup D4e2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 3,000 and 8,800 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup D4e2 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01D4e215874Released 27 Aug 2008
02D4e215874Released 14 Oct 2008
03D4e215874Released 1 Mar 2009
04D4e215874Released 10 May 2009
05D4e215874Released 8 Jul 2009
06D4e215874Released 28 Sep 2009
07D4e215874Released 10 Nov 2009
08D4e215874Released 21 Mar 2010
09D4e215874Released 20 Jun 2010
10D4e215874Released 10 Aug 2010
11D4e215874Released 7 Feb 2011
12D4e215874Released 20 Jul 2011
13D4e215874Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14D4e2A15874GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15D4e2A15874GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16D4e2A15874GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17D4e2A15874GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup D4e2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005487Bilal et al., 2008noneD4e2:93, 256, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5005495Bilal et al., 2008noneD4e2:315.1C, 16177, 16519
Hap5005507Bilal et al., 2008noneD4e2:309.1C, 315.1C, 7444, 15257
Hap5005520Bilal et al., 2008noneD4e2:315.1C, 9935, 16319, 16519
Hap5005522Bilal et al., 2008noneD4e2:315.1C, 16519
Hap5010781Kazuno et al., 2005noneD4e2:315.1C, 16519
Hap5011854Mikami et al., 2013noneD4e2:315.1C, 16519
Hap5011879Mikami et al., 2013noneD4e2:309.1C, 315.1C, 11461, 16519
Hap5011889Mikami et al., 2013noneD4e2:315.1C, 16093, 16519
Hap5011896Mikami et al., 2013D4e2:16129D4e2:315.1C, 5773, 16519
Hap5011899Mikami et al., 2013D4e2:16129, 16311D4e2:315.1C, 9112, 16519
Hap5011909Mikami et al., 2013D4e2:16129D4e2:315.1C, 1598, 16519
Hap5011966Mikami et al., 2013noneD4e2:315.1C, 9755, 12684, 16093, 16519
Hap5011970Mikami et al., 2013D4e2:16129D4e2:315.1C, 16519
Hap5012004Mikami et al., 2013noneD4e2:315.1C, 6267
Hap5012025Mikami et al., 2013D4e2:16311D4e2:315.1C, 16519
Hap5014591Tanaka et al., 2004D4e2:16311D4e2:315.1C, 16519
Hap5014679Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4e2:315.1C, 3434, 6305, 11530, 16519
Hap5014703Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4e2:315.1C, 16519
Hap5014706Tanaka et al., 2004D4e2:16129D4e2:315.1C, 4232, 16519
Hap5014816Tanaka et al., 2004D4e2:16129D4e2:315.1C, 7460, 14133, 14968, 16519
Hap5014950Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4e2:315.1C, 14142, 16519
Hap5014955Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4e2:315.1C, 16519
Hap5014961Tanaka et al., 2004D4e2:16129D4e2:315.1C, 5822, 16519
Hap5014986Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4e2:315.1C, 827, 16519
Hap5015029Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4e2:315.1C, 16093, 16519
Hap5015099Tanaka et al., 2004D4e2:16311D4e2:93, 309.1C, 315.1C, 6261, 13651, 16519
Hap5015149Tanaka et al., 2004D4e2:16129D4e2:309.1C, 315.1C, 10238, 10355, 16519
Hap5015153Tanaka et al., 2004D4e2:152D4e2:315.1C, 16519
Hap5015195Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4e2:309.1C, 315.1C, 14560, 16519
Hap5015213Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4e2:315.1C, 8566, 16320, 16519
Hap5015219Tanaka et al., 2004D4e2:195D4e2:93, 315.1C, 6261, 16519
Hap5015304Ueno et al., 2009noneD4e2:315.1C, 12684, 16093, 16519
Hap5015325Ueno et al., 2009noneD4e2:315.1C, 11013A, 16497
Hap5015341Ueno et al., 2009noneD4e2:315.1C, 16519
Hap5015381Ueno et al., 2009noneD4e2:315.1C, 16519
Hap5022517Zheng et al., 2011noneD4e2:315.1C, 7702, 7783, 9804, 16304, 16519
Hap5022518Zheng et al., 2011D4e2:16129D4e2:1-5d, 316d, 1945-1950d, 8858-8873d, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|