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Age: 7,461.1 ± 3,072.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A214G
Parent Branch: D4e1a
Descendant branch(s): D4e1a2a


Haplogroup D4e1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 4,400 and 10,500 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup D4e1a2 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01D4e1a2214 334 4959 9495Released 27 Aug 2008
02D4e1a2214 334 4959 9495Released 14 Oct 2008
04D4e1a2214 334 4959 9495Released 10 May 2009
05D4e1a2214 334 4959 9495Released 8 Jul 2009
06D4e1a2214 334 4959 9495Released 28 Sep 2009
07D4e1a2214Released 10 Nov 2009
08D4e1a2214Released 21 Mar 2010
09D4e1a2214Released 20 Jun 2010
10D4e1a2214Released 10 Aug 2010
11D4e1a2214Released 7 Feb 2011
12D4e1a2214Released 20 Jul 2011
13D4e1a2214Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14D4e1a2A214GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15D4e1a2A214GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16D4e1a2A214GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17D4e1a2A214GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup D4e1a2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005838Chandrasekar et al., 2009D4e1a2:16092, 16311D4e1a2:204, 315.1C, 5480, 16399

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|