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Age: 3,924.9 ± 4,830.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T8419C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: D4c2
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup D4c2c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 8,800 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup D4c2c Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

09D4c2a8419Released 20 Jun 2010
10D4c2a8419Released 10 Aug 2010
11D4c2c8419Released 7 Feb 2011
12D4c2c8419Released 20 Jul 2011
13D4c2c8419Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14D4c2cT8419CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15D4c2cT8419CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16D4c2cT8419CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17D4c2cT8419CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup D4c2c Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005504Bilal et al., 2008D4c2c:16311D4c2c:315.1C, 12245, 16519
Hap5005557Bilal et al., 2008D4c2c:16311D4c2c:315.1C, 1719, 10410, 16519
Hap5005559Bilal et al., 2008noneD4c2c:315.1C, 16519
Hap5010776Kazuno et al., 2005noneD4c2c:315.1C, 16519
Hap5014671Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4c2c:315.1C, 16519
Hap5014887Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4c2c:315.1C, 5319, 16519
Hap5015038Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4c2c:309.1C, 315.1C, 603
Hap5015137Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4c2c:315.1C, 5319, 16519
Hap5015377Ueno et al., 2009noneD4c2c:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10046549United StatesJapanJapanJapan
Hap10046550United StatesJapanUnspecifiedJapan

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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