Haplogroup D4b2b4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 6,800 and 13,800 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).
mtDNA Haplogroup D4b2b4 Phylotree History
Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.
|09||D4b2b4||150 199 1014 1719 3391 5492 8743 15001||Released 20 Jun 2010|
|10||D4b2b4||150 15001||Released 10 Aug 2010|
|11||D4b2b4||150 15001||Released 7 Feb 2011|
|12||D4b2b4||150 15001||Released 20 Jul 2011|
|13||D4b2b4||150 15001||Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS|
|14||D4b2b4||C150T T15001C||Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS|
|15||D4b2b4||C150T T15001C||Released 30 Sep 2012|
|16||D4b2b4||C150T T15001C||Released 19 Feb 2014|
|17||D4b2b4||C150T T15001C||Released 18 Feb 2016|
mtDNA Haplogroup D4b2b4 Data Sources
GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.
Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.
|Hg ID||Origin||Publication||Hg BLD16||Hg BLD17||Hg YFull||Missing Variants||Additional Variants|
|Hap5005844||Chandrasekar et al., 2009||D4b2b4||D4b2b4a||none||D4b2b4:199, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1014, 1719, 3391, 5492, 8743|
|Hap5005845||Chandrasekar et al., 2009||D4b2b4||D4b2b4a||none||D4b2b4:199, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1014, 1719, 3391, 5492, 8743|
|Hap5016368||Russia||Sukernik et al., 2012||D4b2b4||D4b2b4*||D4b2b4:194, 195, 16189||D4b2b4:4824, 10640, 14335|
|Hap5022506||Zheng et al., 2011||D4b2b4||D4b2b4:194, 195, 16189||D4b2b4:310N, 523-524d, 4824, 10640, 14335|
Sources & Resources
- Behar, D.M., van Oven, M., Rosset, S., Metspalu, M., Loogväli, E.L., Silva, N.M., Kivisild, T., Torroni, A. and Villems, R. (2012). A “Copernican” reassessment of the human mitochondrial DNA tree from its root. American journal of human genetics, 90(4), 675-684.
- Chandrasekar, A., Kumar, S., Sreenath, J., Sarkar, B.N., Urade, B.P., Mallick, S., Bandopadhyay, S.S., Barua, P., Barik, S.S., Basu, D. and Kiran, U. (2009). Updating Phylogeny of Mitochondrial DNA Macrohaplogroup M in India: Dispersal of Modern Human in South Asian Corridor. PLoS ONE, 4(10), e7447+.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2011). MitoTool: a web server for the analysis and retrieval of human mitochondrial DNA sequence variations. Mitochondrion, 11(2), 351-356.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2013). An update to MitoTool: using a new scoring system for faster mtDNA haplogroup determination. Mitochondrion, 13(4), 360-363.
- Sukernik, Rem I.; Volodko, Natalia V.; Mazunin, Ilya O.; Eltsov, Nikolai P.; Dryomov, Stanislav V. & Starikovskaya, Elena B. (2012). Mitochondrial genome diversity in the tubalar, even, and ulchi: Contribution to prehistory of native siberians and their affinities to native americans. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 148(1), 123-138.
- Van Oven, M., & Kayser, M. (2009). Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation. Human mutation, 30(2), E386-E394.
- Zheng, H.X., Yan, S., Qin, Z.D., Wang, Y., Tan, J.Z., Li, H. and Jin, L. (2011). Major Population Expansion of East Asians Began before Neolithic Time: Evidence of mtDNA Genomes. PLoS ONE, 6(10), e25835+.
- Ian Logan’s mtDNA Pages
- Ian Logan’s Instructions for mtGenome Genbank Donation
- James Lick’s mtDNA Utility
- The FTDNA Haplogroup Project for Haplogroup D
- The Wikipedia Article for Haplogroup D
The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.
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