Age: 12,932.3 ± 2,805.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: (C194T) C9296T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: D4b2
Descendant branch(s): D4b2b1 D4b2b2 D4b2b3 D4b2b4 D4b2b5 D4b2b6 D4b2b7


Haplogroup D4b2b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 10,100 and 15,700 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup D4b2b Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01D4b2b194 9296Released 27 Aug 2008
02D4b2b194 9296Released 14 Oct 2008
03D4b2b194 9296Released 1 Mar 2009
04D4b2b194 9296Released 10 May 2009
05D4b2b194 9296Released 8 Jul 2009
06D4b2b194 9296Released 28 Sep 2009
07D4b2b9296Released 10 Nov 2009
08D4b2b9296Released 21 Mar 2010
09D4b2b194 9296Released 20 Jun 2010
10D4b2b194 9296Released 10 Aug 2010
11D4b2b194 9296Released 7 Feb 2011
12D4b2b194 9296Released 20 Jul 2011
13D4b2b194 9296Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14D4b2bC194T C9296TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15D4b2b(C194T) C9296TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16D4b2b(C194T) C9296TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17D4b2b(C194T) C9296TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup D4b2b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5011738Macaulay et al., 2005noneD4b2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 4695, 9260, 13722, 16224, 16291, 16319
Hap5015080Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4b2b:315.1C, 523-524d, 3398
Hap5017377Sukernik et al., 2012noneD4b2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 573, 10310, 11506, 15511
Hap5017378Sukernik et al., 2012noneD4b2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 573, 4799, 10310, 11506, 15511
Hap5018159Liu et al., 2012noneD4b2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 3608R, 8551Y, 10742G, 14065, 14384
Hap5018252Liu et al., 2012noneD4b2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 10742G, 14065, 14384
Hap5022496Zheng et al., 2011noneD4b2b:315.1C, 523-524d, 3144, 9804, 15422

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10046488United StatesPakistanPakistanPakistan
Hap10046490United KingdomUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited Kingdom
Hap10046491United KingdomUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited Kingdom

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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