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Age: 5,211.6 ± 3,051.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A13651G
Parent Branch: D4a1
Descendant branch(s): D4a1b1


Haplogroup D4a1b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 2,200 and 8,300 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup D4a1b Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01D4a1b13651Released 27 Aug 2008
01D4lb173 125 127 13651Released 27 Aug 2008
02D4a1b13651Released 14 Oct 2008
02D4lb173 125 127 13651Released 14 Oct 2008
03D4a1b13651Released 1 Mar 2009
03D4lb173 125 127 13651Released 1 Mar 2009
04D4a1b13651Released 10 May 2009
05D4a1b13651Released 8 Jul 2009
06D4a1b13651Released 28 Sep 2009
07D4a1b13651Released 10 Nov 2009
08D4a1b13651Released 21 Mar 2010
09D4a1b13651Released 20 Jun 2010
10D4a1b13651Released 10 Aug 2010
11D4a1b13651Released 7 Feb 2011
12D4a1b13651Released 20 Jul 2011
13D4a1b13651Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14D4a1bA13651GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15D4a1bA13651GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16D4a1bA13651GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17D4a1bA13651GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup D4a1b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005500Bilal et al., 2008noneD4a1b:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5005508Bilal et al., 2008noneD4a1b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 4655
Hap5005553Bilal et al., 2008noneD4a1b:228, 309.1C, 315.1C, 7043A, 14332, 15731
Hap5010737Kazuno et al., 2005D4a1b:195D4a1b:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5010757Kazuno et al., 2005noneD4a1b:214, 309.1CC, 315.1C
Hap5014578Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4a1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 16270
Hap5014637Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4a1b:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5014641Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4a1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 8285.1C, 9341T, 14180
Hap5014689Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4a1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 15645
Hap5014978Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4a1b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16129
Hap5015110Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4a1b:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5015167Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4a1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 5147, 14755
Hap5015307Ueno et al., 2009noneD4a1b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 7085
Hap5015331Ueno et al., 2009noneD4a1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 10084, 15403

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10046396United StatesUnited StatesJapanJapan
Hap10046397Korea, SouthKorea, SouthUnspecifiedKorea, South
Hap10046398United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|