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Age: 7,863.5 ± 2,242.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T10410C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: D4a
Descendant branch(s): D4a1a D4a1b D4a1c D4a1d D4a1e D4a1f D4a1g D4a1h


Haplogroup D4a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 5,600 and 10,100 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup D4a1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01D4a110410Released 27 Aug 2008
02D4a110410Released 14 Oct 2008
03D4a110410Released 1 Mar 2009
04D4a110410Released 10 May 2009
05D4a110410Released 8 Jul 2009
06D4a110410Released 28 Sep 2009
07D4a110410Released 10 Nov 2009
08D4a110410Released 21 Mar 2010
09D4a110410Released 20 Jun 2010
10D4a110410Released 10 Aug 2010
11D4a110410Released 7 Feb 2011
12D4a110410Released 20 Jul 2011
13D4a110410Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14D4a1T10410CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15D4a1T10410CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16D4a1T10410CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17D4a1T10410CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup D4a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005481Bilal et al., 2008noneD4a1:211T, 315.1C, 9804, 10365
Hap5005484Bilal et al., 2008noneD4a1:63, 106-111d, 315.1C, 10646
Hap5005535Bilal et al., 2008D4a1:195D4a1:315.1C
Hap5005544Bilal et al., 2008noneD4a1:315.1C
Hap5010125Ingman et al., 2000noneD4a1:315.1C, 8292
Hap5010739Kazuno et al., 2005noneD4a1:315.1C
Hap5010746Kazuno et al., 2005noneD4a1:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5010774Kazuno et al., 2005noneD4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 15468
Hap5011428Ko et al., 2014noneD4a1:6485, 16086
Hap5011875Mikami et al., 2013noneD4a1:315.1C, 8725, 10006d
Hap5011930Mikami et al., 2013D4a1:146D4a1:315.1C, 11908, 14016
Hap5011983Mikami et al., 2013noneD4a1:153, 315.1C, 16272
Hap5014643Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4a1:315.1C, 481, 16192
Hap5014660Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4a1:315.1C, 16320
Hap5014767Tanaka et al., 2004D4a1:146D4a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 735, 1053T
Hap5014888Tanaka et al., 2004D4a1:16311D4a1:315.1C, 16140
Hap5014901Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4a1:315.1C, 16192
Hap5014912Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4a1:315.1C, 7789
Hap5014959Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4a1:315.1C, 2140
Hap5014964Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4a1:315.1C
Hap5015093Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4a1:315.1C, 16192
Hap5015528Volodko et al., 2008noneD4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 9631
Hap5020173Liu et al., 2014noneD4a1:315.1C, 3317, 5268, 9374
Hap5022476Zheng et al., 2011D4a1:7146D4a1:11809, 11969, 15530
Hap5022477Zheng et al., 2011D4a1:146D4a1:1-4d, 308N, 310N, 735, 8860N

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10046362United StatesJapanJapanJapan
Hap10046363United StatesKorea, SouthKorea, SouthKorea, South
Hap10046364United StatesKorea, SouthKorea, SouthKorea, South
Hap10046365United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10046367United StatesKorea, SouthUnspecifiedKorea, South
Hap10046368United KingdomMalaysiaUnspecifiedMalaysia
Hap10046369Korea, SouthUnspecifiedUnspecifiedKorea, South
Hap10046370United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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