D4

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Summary

Age: 24,579.9 ± 1,947.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: G3010A C8414T C14668T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: D
Descendant branch(s): D4a D4b D4c D4d D4e D4f D4g D4h D4i D4j D4k D4l D4m D4n D4o D4p D4q D4s D4t

YFull Info

Name: D4
Age: 55600 to 28100 ybp [95% CI]
Expansion: 30300 to 25800 ybp [95% CI]
 Variants: G3010A C8414T C14668T

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup D4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 22,600 and 26,500 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup D4 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 10 May 2009
05 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 D4 G3010A C8414T C14668T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 D4 G3010A C8414T C14668T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 D4 G3010A C8414T C14668T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 D4 G3010A C8414T C14668T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup D4 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5004332 Behar et al., 2012b D4 D4* none D4:309.1C, 315.1C, 12396, 16519
Hap5005159 Behar et al., 2012b D4 D4* D4:152 D4:309.1C, 315.1C, 11287, 16249
Hap5010220 China, People's Republic of Jiang et al., 2014 D4 D4* none D4:309.1C, 315.1C, 7337, 15721, 16150, 16249, 16519
Hap5010688 Kang et al., 2013 D4 D4i4 D4:16189 D4:2789A, 8588, 9725, 11746, 12432, 16093, 16189N, 16519
Hap5011271 Ko et al., 2014 D4 D4* D4:152 D4:150, 2010, 10101, 13983, 16249, 16519
Hap5014416 Summerer et al., 2012 D4 D4r none D4:315.1C, 4335, 9812, 10751, 13153, 15884, 16519
Hap5015189 Japan Tanaka et al., 2004 D4 D4* D4:152 D4:315.1C, 3603, 3764, 7762, 12351, 16274, 16519
Hap5016556 China, People's Republic of Derenko et al., 2010 D4 D4-a* D4:152, 195 D4:309.1C, 315.1C, 11984, 13788A, 16519
Hap5016621 Russia Derenko et al., 2010 D4 D4-a* D4:152, 195 D4:309.1C, 315.1C, 11984, 13788A, 16519
Hap5016646 Russia Derenko et al., 2010 D4 D4* D4:146, 16129, 16311 D4:194, 196, 315.1C, 385, 573.1XC, 3316, 3606, 3714, 4659T, 7687, 9621, 9896, 14883, 15130, 16158, 16234, 16260, 16292, 16519
Hap5018331 Russia Sukernik et al., 2012 D4 D4* none D4:309.1C, 315.1C, 3583, 9856, 15884, 16192, 16261, 16316, 16519
Hap5021089 Iran Derenko et al., 2013 D4 D4* D4:152 D4:309.1C, 315.1C, 374, 523-524d, 5460, 9531, 9758, 10843, 15400, 15586, 16519
Hap5022471 Zheng et al., 2011 D4 D4:152, 195 D4:721A, 4254, 13681, 16519

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

   

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

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