Age: 4,032.2 ± 2,474.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: C1106T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: D2b
Descendant branch(s): D2b1a

YFull Info

Name: D2b1
Age: 8300 to 2700 ybp [95% CI]
Expansion: 5100 to 2100 ybp [95% CI]
 Variants: C1106T

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup D2b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 1,600 and 6,500 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup D2b1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
05 D2b1 1106 5004 16092 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 D2b1 1106 5004 16092 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 D2b1 1106 5004 16092 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 D2b1 1106 5004 16092 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 D2b1 1106 16092 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 D2b1 1106 16092 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 D2b1 1106 16092 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 D2b1 1106 16092 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 D2b1 1106 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 D2b1 C1106T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 D2b1 C1106T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 D2b1 C1106T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 D2b1 C1106T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup D2b1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDOriginPublicationHg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFullMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5012401 Qin et al. 2010 D2b1 D2b1* none D2b1:195, 309.1C, 315.1C, 16245, 16519
Hap5016634 Russia Derenko et al., 2010 D2b1 D2b1* none D2b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 801, 16111G, 16519
Hap5018171 Liu et al., 2012 D2b1 D2b1b none D2b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 574, 16519
Hap5018264 Liu et al., 2012 D2b1 D2b1b none D2b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 574, 16519

Sources & Resources

Related Sources


Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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