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Age: 3,900.5 ± 4,176.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C4670T T6671C A13050G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: M8a2
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup M8a2b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 8,100 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M8a2b Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01M8a2b4670 6671 13050Released 27 Aug 2008
02M8a2b4670 6671 13050Released 14 Oct 2008
03M8a2b4670 6671 13050Released 1 Mar 2009
04M8a2b4670 6671 13050Released 10 May 2009
05M8a2b4670 6671 13050Released 8 Jul 2009
06M8a2b4670 6671 13050Released 28 Sep 2009
07M8a2b4670 6671 13050Released 10 Nov 2009
08M8a2b4670 6671 13050Released 21 Mar 2010
09M8a2b4670 6671 13050Released 20 Jun 2010
10M8a2b4670 6671 13050Released 10 Aug 2010
11M8a2b4670 6671 13050Released 7 Feb 2011
12M8a2b4670 6671 13050Released 20 Jul 2011
13M8a2b4670 6671 13050Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M8a2bC4670T T6671C A13050GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M8a2bC4670T T6671C A13050GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M8a2bC4670T T6671C A13050GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M8a2bC4670T T6671C A13050GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M8a2b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5007238Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneM8a2b:271, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 11428A, 16519
Hap5010227Jiang et al., 2014M8a2b:16311M8a2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 1760, 12561, 16223, 16519
Hap5011897Mikami et al., 2013noneM8a2b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 12662, 16519
Hap5011986Mikami et al., 2013noneM8a2b:315.1C, 3663C, 15956.1T, 16172, 16519
Hap5014386Starikovskaya et al., 2005noneM8a2b:152, 12192, 15106
Hap5014696Tanaka et al., 2004noneM8a2b:315.1C, 16519
Hap5014758Tanaka et al., 2004noneM8a2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5015058Tanaka et al., 2004noneM8a2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5015059Tanaka et al., 2004noneM8a2b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16213, 16519
Hap5015382Ueno et al., 2009noneM8a2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 12921, 16519
Hap5016249Ji Y et al., 2008noneM8a2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 10747A, 11778, 14259, 14693, 15927, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10071377United StatesUnited StatesChinaChina
Hap10071380United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|