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Age: 13,285.7 ± 6,566.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C2835T
Parent Branch: M8a
Descendant branch(s): M8a2a M8a2b M8a2c M8a2d M8a2e


Haplogroup M8a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 6,700 and 19,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M8a2 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01M8a22835 16184Released 27 Aug 2008
02M8a22835 16184Released 14 Oct 2008
03M8a22835 16184Released 1 Mar 2009
04M8a22835 16184Released 10 May 2009
05M8a22835 16184Released 8 Jul 2009
06M8a22835Released 28 Sep 2009
07M8a22835Released 10 Nov 2009
08M8a22835Released 21 Mar 2010
09M8a22835Released 20 Jun 2010
10M8a22835Released 10 Aug 2010
11M8a22835Released 7 Feb 2011
12M8a22835Released 20 Jul 2011
13M8a22835Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M8a2C2835TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M8a2C2835TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M8a2C2835TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M8a2C2835TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M8a2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5014854Tanaka et al., 2004M8a2:152M8a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 4047, 5252, 16293C
Hap5016248Ji Y et al., 2008noneM8a2:315.1C, 11778, 12172, 15530, 15734, 16519
Hap5017006Wang CY et al., 2011noneM8a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 499, 4532N, 16519
Hap5017007Wang CY et al., 2011noneM8a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 499, 16519
Hap5017008Wang CY et al., 2011noneM8a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 499, 16519
Hap5023450Zheng et al., 2011noneM8a2:14641, 15217, 16519
Hap5023451Zheng et al., 2011noneM8a2:16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10071349United StatesUnited StatesChinaChina
Hap10071350United StatesUnited StatesChinaChina
Hap10071353United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|