Age: 12,477.5 ± 4,540.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: T151C! T5492C T16189C!
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: Z4a
Descendant branch(s): Z4a1a

YFull Info

Name: Z4a1
Age: 19300 to 11300 ybp [95% CI]
Expansion: -
 Variants: T151C! T5492C T16189C!

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup Z4a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup Z4a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
06 Z4a 5492 16189 16302 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 Z4a 5492 16189 16302 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 Z4a 5492 16189 16302 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 Z4a 5492 16189 16302 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 Z4a 5492 16189 16302 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 Z4a 5492 16189 16302 Released 7 Feb 2011
13 Z4a 5492 16189 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 Z4a T5492C T16189C! Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 Z4a T5492C T16189C! Released 30 Sep 2012
16 Z4a1 T151C! T5492C T16189C! Released 19 Feb 2014
17 Z4a1 T151C! T5492C T16189C! Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup Z4a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5022138 China, People's Republic of Kong et al., 2003 Z4a1 Z4a1* none Z4a1:185, 309.1C, 315.1C, 3394, 14152, 16224, 16261, 16519

Sources & Resources

Related Sources


Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated:


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

you're currently offline