Age: 16,665.5 ± 4,320.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C151T A15475G T15944d
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: Z
Descendant branch(s): Z4a


Haplogroup Z4 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup Z4 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01Z45492 15475 15944d 16189 16302Released 27 Aug 2008
02Z45492 15475 15944d 16189 16302Released 14 Oct 2008
03Z45492 15475 15944d 16189 16302Released 1 Mar 2009
04Z45492 15475 15944d 16189 16302Released 10 May 2009
05Z45492 15475 15944d 16189 16302Released 8 Jul 2009
06Z415475 15944dReleased 28 Sep 2009
07Z415475 15944dReleased 10 Nov 2009
08Z415475 15944dReleased 21 Mar 2010
09Z415475 15944dReleased 20 Jun 2010
10Z415475 15944dReleased 10 Aug 2010
11Z415475 15944dReleased 7 Feb 2011
12Z415475 15944dReleased 20 Jul 2011
13Z415475 15944d (16302)Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14Z4A15475G T15944d (A16302G)Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15Z4A15475G T15944d (A16302G)Released 30 Sep 2012
16Z4C151T A15475G T15944dReleased 19 Feb 2014
17Z4C151T A15475G T15944dReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup Z4 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5014521Tabbada et al., 2010Z4:151, 249dZ4:150.1T, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 4371, 5786, 7258, 16519
Hap5016976Wang CY et al., 2011noneZ4:214, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5016977Wang CY et al., 2011noneZ4:214, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5016978Wang CY et al., 2011noneZ4:214, 315.1C, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.