Age: 15,835.6 ± 4,396.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T10208C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: Z
Descendant branch(s): Z3a Z3b Z3c Z3d


Haplogroup Z3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,400 and 20,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup Z3 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01Z310208Released 27 Aug 2008
02Z310208Released 14 Oct 2008
03Z310208Released 1 Mar 2009
04Z310208Released 10 May 2009
05Z310208Released 8 Jul 2009
06Z310208Released 28 Sep 2009
07Z310208Released 10 Nov 2009
08Z310208Released 21 Mar 2010
09Z310208Released 20 Jun 2010
10Z310208Released 10 Aug 2010
11Z310208Released 7 Feb 2011
12Z310208Released 20 Jul 2011
13Z310208Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14Z3T10208CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15Z3T10208CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16Z3T10208CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17Z3T10208CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup Z3 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5010285Jiang et al., 2014Z3:195Z3:207, 309.1C, 315.1C, 3316, 4216, 6340, 11696, 13842, 16223, 16380, 16519
Hap5010959Kivisild et al., 2006Z3:146, 195, 247, 249d, 4715, 16129, 16185, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16260, 16278, 16298, 16311Z3:1-435d, 773, 3394, 4363, 6590, 8227, 12362, 12996, 14668, 16022-16569d
Hap5015164Tanaka et al., 2004noneZ3:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 7337, 14063, 16519
Hap5023687Zheng et al., 2011noneZ3:310N, 523-524d, 7337, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10101476Korea, SouthKorea, SouthKorea, SouthKorea, South
Hap10101478United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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