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Age: 1,576.6 ± 2,342.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A3145G A8188G C14668T T15184C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: Z
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup Z2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 3,900 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup Z2 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01Z23145 8188 14668 15184Released 27 Aug 2008
02Z23145 8188 14668 15184Released 14 Oct 2008
03Z23145 8188 14668 15184Released 1 Mar 2009
04Z23145 8188 14668 15184Released 10 May 2009
05Z23145 8188 14668 15184Released 8 Jul 2009
06Z23145 8188 14668 15184Released 28 Sep 2009
07Z23145 8188 14668 15184Released 10 Nov 2009
08Z23145 8188 14668 15184Released 21 Mar 2010
09Z23145 8188 14668 15184Released 20 Jun 2010
10Z23145 8188 14668 15184Released 10 Aug 2010
11Z23145 8188 14668 15184Released 7 Feb 2011
12Z23145 8188 14668 15184Released 20 Jul 2011
13Z23145 8188 14668 15184Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14Z2A3145G A8188G C14668T T15184CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15Z2A3145G A8188G C14668T T15184CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16Z2A3145G A8188G C14668T T15184CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17Z2A3145G A8188G C14668T T15184CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup Z2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5011859Mikami et al., 2013noneZ2:315.1C, 16519
Hap5014704Tanaka et al., 2004Z2:16311Z2:315.1C, 3316, 16519
Hap5014742Tanaka et al., 2004noneZ2:315.1C, 5054, 16519
Hap5014749Tanaka et al., 2004noneZ2:315.1C, 16519
Hap5015079Tanaka et al., 2004Z2:146, 16185Z2:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5015152Tanaka et al., 2004noneZ2:315.1C, 8521, 16519
Hap5015333Ueno et al., 2009noneZ2:315.1C, 16126, 16519
Hap5015370Ueno et al., 2009noneZ2:315.1C, 8521, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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