Age: 1,049.1 ± 1,420.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G740A A12930G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: Z1a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup Z1a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 2,500 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup Z1a1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01Z1a740 9494 12930Released 27 Aug 2008
02Z1a740 9494 12930Released 14 Oct 2008
03Z1a740 9494 12930Released 1 Mar 2009
04Z1a740 9494 12930Released 10 May 2009
05Z1a740 9494 12930Released 8 Jul 2009
10Z1a1a740 12930Released 10 Aug 2010
11Z1a1a740 12930Released 7 Feb 2011
12Z1a1a740 12930Released 20 Jul 2011
13Z1a1a740 12930Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14Z1a1aG740A A12930GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15Z1a1aG740A A12930GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16Z1a1aG740A A12930GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17Z1a1aG740A A12930GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup Z1a1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001909Behar et al., 2012bnoneZ1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 9591C, 14978
Hap5002202Behar et al., 2012bnoneZ1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 5561Y
Hap5003324Behar et al., 2012bnoneZ1a1a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 11253
Hap5008675Fedorova et al., 2013noneZ1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 3918, 10237, 16223
Hap5008679Fedorova et al., 2013noneZ1a1a:309.1CCC, 315.1C, 9693
Hap5008680Fedorova et al., 2013noneZ1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 9693
Hap5008881Finnilä et al., 2001Z1a1a:8584Z1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 7966, 8567
Hap5008882Finnilä et al., 2001noneZ1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5008883Finnilä et al., 2001noneZ1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5008884Finnilä et al., 2001noneZ1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5008885Finnilä et al., 2001noneZ1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 16170
Hap5008886Finnilä et al., 2001noneZ1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5008887Finnilä et al., 2001noneZ1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5008888Finnilä et al., 2001noneZ1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5008889Finnilä et al., 2001noneZ1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 5568, 15792
Hap5010020Ingman et al., 2000noneZ1a1a:315.1C
Hap5010026Ingman et al., 2000noneZ1a1a:315.1C
Hap5010028Ingman et al., 2000noneZ1a1a:315.1C
Hap5010029Ingman et al., 2000noneZ1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5010032Ingman et al., 2000Z1a1a:489Z1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5010033Ingman et al., 2000noneZ1a1a:309.1C, 5147, 5206
Hap5010034Ingman et al., 2000noneZ1a1a:309.1C, 499, 14211
Hap5010035Ingman et al., 2000noneZ1a1a:309.1C
Hap5010036Ingman et al., 2000noneZ1a1a:309.1C, 5206
Hap5016378Sukernik et al., 2012noneZ1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10101448United StatesUnited StatesFinlandFinland
Hap10101451United StatesUnited StatesNorwayNorway
Hap10101452United StatesUnited StatesNorwayNorway
Hap10101453United StatesUnited StatesNorwayNorway
Hap10101456United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10101457United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10101458United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10101459United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10101460United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10101461United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.