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Age: Undetermined
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: 2232.1A T16189C!
Parent Branch: C7a
Descendant branch(s): C7a2a


Haplogroup C7a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup C7a2 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

06C7a146 2232.1d! 12957 14978Released 28 Sep 2009
13C7a22232.1A 16189Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14C7a22232.1A T16189C!Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15C7a22232.1A T16189C!Released 30 Sep 2012
16C7a22232.1A T16189C!Released 19 Feb 2014
17C7a22232.1A T16189C!Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup C7a2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5010957Kivisild et al., 2006C7a2:146, 152, 195, 247, 249d, 16129, 16187, 16230, 16278, 16298, 16311, 16327C7a2:1-435d, 10754, 11839, 16022-16569d
Hap5015554Zhang AM et al., 2011noneC7a2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 593, 6249, 7007, 7990, 11778, 16183C
Hap5022457Zheng et al., 2011C7a2:4715C7a2:4254, 4715N, 4877N, 4883N

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|