Age: 0.0 ± 10,012.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T3345C G7598A T12477C G13708A T16311C!
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: C7a1a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup C7a1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 10,000 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup C7a1a2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

07C7a1a23345 7598 12477 13708 16311Released 10 Nov 2009
08C7a1a23345 7598 12477 13708 16311Released 21 Mar 2010
09C7a1a23345 7598 12477 13708 16311Released 20 Jun 2010
10C7a1a23345 7598 12477 13708 16311Released 10 Aug 2010
11C7a1a23345 7598 12477 13708 16311Released 7 Feb 2011
12C7a1a23345 7598 12477 13708 16311Released 20 Jul 2011
13C7a1a23345 7598 12477 13708 16311Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14C7a1a2T3345C G7598A T12477C G13708A T16311C!Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15C7a1a2T3345C G7598A T12477C G13708A T16311C!Released 30 Sep 2012
16C7a1a2T3345C G7598A T12477C G13708A T16311C!Released 19 Feb 2014
17C7a1a2T3345C G7598A T12477C G13708A T16311C!Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup C7a1a2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5006253Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneC7a1a2:315.1C, 3167.1T
Hap5006254Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneC7a1a2:315.1C, 3167.1T
Hap5006255Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneC7a1a2:315.1C, 709, 11914, 12612, 15926
Hap5006258Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneC7a1a2:315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5006259Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneC7a1a2:315.1C, 3167.1T, 5899.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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