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Age: 17,702.0 ± 4,406.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G7853A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: C7
Descendant branch(s): C7a1 C7a2


Haplogroup C7a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 13,300 and 22,100 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup C7a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
07 C7a 7853 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 C7a 7853 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 C7a 7853 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 C7a 7853 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 C7a 7853 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 C7a 7853 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 C7a 7853 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 C7a G7853A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 C7a G7853A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 C7a G7853A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 C7a G7853A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup C7a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002373 Behar et al., 2012b none C7a:44.1C, 315.1C, 1719, 4233
Hap5011331 Ko et al., 2014 C7a:249d C7a:234, 6218, 8602, 10310, 15244
Hap5011376 Ko et al., 2014 C7a:249d, 9545 C7a:9545N, 11935
Hap5011380 Ko et al., 2014 C7a:249d C7a:11935
Hap5012352 Pradutkanchana et al., 2011 none C7a:315.1C, 523-524d, 4977, 6485, 8832, 16519
Hap5016421 Ji F et al., 2012 C7a:7196A C7a:7196
Hap5020176 Liu et al., 2014 none C7a:150, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 13926, 15930, 16519
Hap5022454 Zheng et al., 2011 C7a:152 C7a:310N, 13928, 14463

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10045913United StatesChinaChinaChina
Hap10045916United StatesTaiwanUnspecifiedTaiwan

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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