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Age: 17,890.3 ± 7,785.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: East Asia
Mutations: 595.1C T16288C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: C
Descendant branch(s): C5a C5b C5c C5d


Haplogroup C5 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 10,100 and 25,700 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: C5
Age: About 18,000 Years Ago
Origin: East Asia
Blurb: This point in your ancestors’ journey began in East Asia around 18,000 years ago. The first women to have these genetic markers founded a line that has spread throughout most of East Asia, including modern China and Siberia.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup C5 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 C5 595.1C 16288 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 C5 595.1C 16288 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 C5 595.1C 16288 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 C5 595.1C 16288 Released 10 May 2009
05 C5 595.1C 16288 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 C5 595.1C 16288 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 C5 595.1C 16288 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 C5 595.1C 16288 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 C5 595.1C 16288 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 C5 595.1C 16288 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 C5 595.1C 16288 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 C5 595.1C 16288 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 C5 595.1C 16288 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 C5 595.1C T16288C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 C5 595.1C T16288C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 C5 595.1C T16288C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 C5 595.1C T16288C Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup C5 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10045858United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 5, 2018 at 16:13 pm

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