Age: 2,464.6 ± 2,524.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: C15145T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: C4b3
Descendant branch(s): C4b3a1

YFull Info

Name: C4b3a

Age: 18300 to 10800 ybp [95% CI]

Expansion: 15300 to 8500 ybp [95% CI]

Variants: C15145T

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup C4b3a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 5,000 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup C4b3a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
06 C4b3a 15145 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 C4b3a 15145 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 C4b3a 15145 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 C4b3a 15145 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 C4b3a 15145 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 C4b3a 15145 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 C4b3a 15145 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 C4b3a 15145 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 C4b3a C15145T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 C4b3a C15145T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 C4b3a C15145T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 C4b3a C15145T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup C4b3a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5015473 Russia Volodko et al., 2008 C4b3a C4b3a* none C4b3a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5015478 Russia Volodko et al., 2008 C4b3a C4b3a1 none C4b3a:315.1C, 1119, 16399
Hap5015487 Russia Volodko et al., 2008 C4b3a C4b3a1 C4b3a:16311 C4b3a:309.1C, 315.1C, 16399
Hap5016541 Russia Derenko et al., 2010 C4b3a C4b3a* C4b3a:152 C4b3a:309.1C, 315.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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