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Age: 2,713.3 ± 2,246.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T146C! G8251A
Parent Branch: C4b
Descendant branch(s): C4b1a C4b1b


Haplogroup C4b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 500 and 5,000 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup C4b1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01C4b1146 8251Released 27 Aug 2008
02C4b1146 8251Released 14 Oct 2008
04C4b1146 8251Released 10 May 2009
05C4b1146 8251Released 8 Jul 2009
06C4b1146 8251Released 28 Sep 2009
07C4b1146 8251Released 10 Nov 2009
08C4b1146 8251Released 21 Mar 2010
09C4b1146 8251Released 20 Jun 2010
10C4b1146 8251Released 10 Aug 2010
11C4b1146 8251Released 7 Feb 2011
12C4b1146 8251Released 20 Jul 2011
13C4b1146 8251Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14C4b1T146C! G8251AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15C4b1T146C! G8251AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16C4b1T146C! G8251AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17C4b1T146C! G8251AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup C4b1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5010081Ingman et al., 2000noneC4b1:315.1C, 10792
Hap5010126Ingman et al., 2000noneC4b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 8764
Hap5015467Volodko et al., 2008noneC4b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 6596
Hap5016522Derenko et al., 2010noneC4b1:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5016523Derenko et al., 2010noneC4b1:234, 315.1C, 4129
Hap5016543Derenko et al., 2010noneC4b1:315.1C, 8292, 16270
Hap5016605Derenko et al., 2010C4b1:16189C4b1:315.1C, 12311
Hap5016614Derenko et al., 2010noneC4b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 12870
Hap5016663Derenko et al., 2010noneC4b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 12870
Hap5016664Derenko et al., 2010noneC4b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 12870

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|