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Age: 6,997.4 ± 2,620.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A3816G
Parent Branch: C4a'b'c
Descendant branch(s): C4b1 C4b2 C4b3 C4b5 C4b6 C4b7 C4b8


Haplogroup C4b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 4,400 and 9,600 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup C4b Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01C4b3816Released 27 Aug 2008
02C4b3816Released 14 Oct 2008
03C4b3816Released 1 Mar 2009
04C4b3816Released 10 May 2009
05C4b3816Released 8 Jul 2009
06C4b3816Released 28 Sep 2009
07C4b3816Released 10 Nov 2009
08C4b3816Released 21 Mar 2010
09C4b3816Released 20 Jun 2010
10C4b3816Released 10 Aug 2010
11C4b3816Released 7 Feb 2011
12C4b3816Released 20 Jul 2011
13C4b3816Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14C4bA3816GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15C4bA3816GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16C4bA3816GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17C4bA3816GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup C4b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5011706Li 2006C4b:195, 4715, 7196A, 10400, 11969, 15043C4b:309.1C, 315.1C, 5095, 7702, 8027, 10398, 10410, 11215, 11914, 16072, 16292, 16519
Hap5015475Volodko et al., 2008noneC4b:199, 309.1C, 315.1C, 3306, 3319, 11928
Hap5015477Volodko et al., 2008noneC4b:315.1C
Hap5015480Volodko et al., 2008noneC4b:315.1C
Hap5016491Derenko et al., 2010noneC4b:309.1C, 315.1C, 4353, 13212, 16242
Hap5016548Derenko et al., 2010C4b:16311C4b:228, 309.1C, 315.1C, 9802
Hap5016607Derenko et al., 2010noneC4b:315.1C
Hap5016619Derenko et al., 2010C4b:16311C4b:189, 309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5016843Malyarchuk et al., 2010anoneC4b:309.1C, 315.1C, 709, 6485

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10045804United StatesCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10045807United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10045808United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10045809United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|