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C4a2

Summary

Age: 4,123.7 ± 3,129.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T16357C
Parent Branch: C4a
Descendant branch(s): C4a2a C4a2b C4a2c

Background

Haplogroup C4a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup C4a2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

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Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01C4a28485 8793 16171 16344 16357Released 27 Aug 2008
02C4a28485 8793 16171 16344 16357Released 14 Oct 2008
04C4a28485 8793 16171 16344 16357Released 10 May 2009
05C4a28485 8793 16171 16344 16357Released 8 Jul 2009
06C4a28485 8793 16171 16344Released 28 Sep 2009
07C4a28485 8793 16171 16344Released 10 Nov 2009
07C4a2'3'416357Released 10 Nov 2009
08C4a28485 8793 16171 16344Released 21 Mar 2010
08C4a2'3'416357Released 21 Mar 2010
09C4a28485 8793 16171 16344Released 20 Jun 2010
09C4a2'3'416357Released 20 Jun 2010
10C4a28485 8793 16171 16344Released 10 Aug 2010
10C4a2'3'416357Released 10 Aug 2010
11C4a28485 8793 16171 16344Released 7 Feb 2011
11C4a2'3'416357Released 7 Feb 2011
12C4a28485 8793 16171 16344Released 20 Jul 2011
12C4a2'3'416357Released 20 Jul 2011
13C4a28485 8793 16171 16344Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
13C4a2'3'416357Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14C4a2G8485A T8793C A16171G C16344TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
14C4a2'3'4T16357CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15C4a2G8485A T8793C A16171G C16344TReleased 30 Sep 2012
15C4a2'3'4T16357CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16C4a2G8485A T8793C A16171G C16344TReleased 19 Feb 2014
16C4a2'3'4T16357CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17C4a2T16357CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup C4a2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5004580Behar et al., 2012bnoneC4a2:207, 309.1C, 315.1C, 8337, 8577, 15924
Hap5010063Ingman et al., 2000noneC4a2:315.1C
Hap5010114Ingman et al., 2000noneC4a2:315.1C, 8014, 9263, 13818
Hap5014374Starikovskaya et al., 2005noneC4a2:8014, 9263, 13818
Hap5015486Volodko et al., 2008noneC4a2:315.1C, 8869
Hap5016495Derenko et al., 2010C4a2:16278C4a2:64, 150, 315.1C
Hap5016528Derenko et al., 2010noneC4a2:315.1C, 13677Y, 14053
Hap5016550Derenko et al., 2010C4a2:2232.1A, 16311C4a2:47, 315.1C, 16244
Hap5016578Derenko et al., 2010C4a2:195C4a2:315.1C, 6663
Hap5016618Derenko et al., 2010noneC4a2:315.1C, 11147, 16224
Hap5016625Derenko et al., 2010noneC4a2:47, 315.1C, 5984
Hap5016654Derenko et al., 2010noneC4a2:315.1C
Hap5016655Derenko et al., 2010noneC4a2:315.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10045793AlgeriaAntigua and BarbudaAlgeriaAlgeria
Hap10045794United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10045795United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10045796ChinaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedChina
Hap10045797UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10045798UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|