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Age: 11,300.8 ± 3,907.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C1715T T15968C
Parent Branch: C4a1
Descendant branch(s): C4a1a1 C4a1a2 C4a1a3 C4a1a4 C4a1a5 C4a1a6


Haplogroup C4a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 2,100 and 8,000 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup C4a1a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01C4a1195 1715 7999 15968 16129Released 27 Aug 2008
02C4a1195 1715 7999 15968 16129Released 14 Oct 2008
04C4a1195 1715 7999 15968 16129Released 10 May 2009
05C4a1195 1715 7999 15968 16129Released 8 Jul 2009
06C4a1195 1715 7999 15968 16129Released 28 Sep 2009
07C4a11715 7999 15968 16129Released 10 Nov 2009
08C4a11715 7999 15968 16129Released 21 Mar 2010
09C4a11715 7999 15968 16093Released 20 Jun 2010
10C4a11715 7999 15968 16093Released 10 Aug 2010
11C4a11715 15968 16093Released 7 Feb 2011
12C4a11715 15968 16093Released 20 Jul 2011
13C4a11715 15968 (16093)Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14C4a1C1715T T15968C (T16093C)Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15C4a1C1715T T15968C (T16093C)Released 30 Sep 2012
16C4a1C1715T T15968C (T16093C)Released 19 Feb 2014
17C4a1aC1715T T15968CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup C4a1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5011836Mielnik-Sikorska et al., 2013C4a1a:16093C4a1a:194, 309.1C, 315.1C, 2232.1AA
Hap5018146Liu et al., 2012C4a1a:152, 8508, 16093C4a1a:315.1C, 2232.1AA, 3906, 6497, 6951, 7581Y, 8206, 11732, 13392, 14693
Hap5018239Liu et al., 2012C4a1a:152, 8508, 16093C4a1a:315.1C, 2232.1AA, 3906, 6497, 6951, 8206, 11732, 13392, 14693

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10045790United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|