Age: 12,873.8 ± 3,859.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: The Americas
Mutations: G1888A G15930A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: C1
Descendant branch(s): C1c1 C1c2 C1c3 C1c4 C1c5 C1c6 C1c7 C1c8


Haplogroup C1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. It is a child of haplogroup C1. It was likely born in the Americas around 13,000 years ago. (Behar et al., 2012b)


At present, all known members of this lineage are from the Americas. Therefore, researchers believe it was born there.


Behar et al., 2012b placed the birth of the C1c lineage between 9,000 and 16,700 years ago. This means the line was born in the Mesolithic. At the time, people were using stone tools.

Ancient DNA

Coming Soon


Coming Soon

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: C1c
Age: 9,000 ± 4,500 Years Ago
Origin: the Americas
Blurb: This branch was born to a woman from a lineage that crossed the land bridge between Asia and the Americas during the last glacial maximum. Today, it is present in indigenous population groups in the United States, Mexico, and much of South America.Today, those from this line are most common in the Arsario (36 percent), Embera (31 percent), and the Ijka (28 percent). It is about 10 percent of Apache maternal lineages. It is around 6 percent of the Salta population. Among the Northern Paiute, the Wayúu, and the Vaupes, it is about 5 percent of the population. It is around 4 percent of the Dogrib and the Coreguaje.Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup C1c Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01C1c1888 15930Released 27 Aug 2008
02C1c1888 15930Released 14 Oct 2008
03C1c1888 15930Released 1 Mar 2009
04C1c1888 15930Released 10 May 2009
05C1c1888 15930Released 8 Jul 2009
06C1c1888 15930Released 28 Sep 2009
07C1c1888 15930Released 10 Nov 2009
08C1c1888 15930Released 21 Mar 2010
09C1c1888 15930Released 20 Jun 2010
10C1c1888 15930Released 10 Aug 2010
11C1c1888 15930Released 7 Feb 2011
12C1c1888 15930Released 20 Jul 2011
13C1c1888 15930Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14C1cG1888A G15930AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15C1cG1888A G15930AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16C1cG1888A G15930AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17C1cG1888A G15930AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup C1c Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5003198Behar et al., 2012bC1c:152C1c:150, 309.1C, 315.1C, 4702, 7853, 15007, 16519
Hap5007266Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneC1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 6575, 15740, 15930R, 16093, 16485, 16490, 16491, 16496
Hap5007317Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneC1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 6575, 15740, 16093, 16485, 16490, 16491, 16496
Hap5010459Just et al., 2008noneC1c:315.1C, 12397
Hap5010460Just et al., 2008noneC1c:315.1C, 3316, 4784, 7948, 8973, 12193
Hap5010463Just et al., 2008noneC1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 3948, 8700T, 12696, 16519
Hap5015952Achilli et al., 2008C1c:152C1c:150, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 3394, 4702, 5162, 7853, 8251, 15007, 16519
Hap5017802noneC1c:150, 199, 204, 309.1C, 315.1C, 3398, 3999, 4117, 5147, 7444, 8308, 11299, 11887, 16075
Hap5017804noneC1c:94, 309.1C, 315.1C, 538C, 710, 3801, 9554, 9854, 15263, 15706, 15924, 16234
Hap5022445Zheng et al., 2012C1c:195C1c:185, 335, 523-524d, 3744, 7598, 12378, 12687, 13153, 16221, 16261, 16519
Hap5022446Zheng et al., 2012C1c:16129, 16189C1c:1462, 7766, 13879, 14581, 15262

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10045373United StatesCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10045385United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10045386United StatesUnited StatesMexicoMexico
Hap10045387United StatesUnited StatesMexicoMexico
Hap10045388United StatesPanamaPanamaPanama
Hap10045390United StatesPeruPeruPeru

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: October 5, 2018 at 18:10 pm

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.