Age: 12,873.8 ± 3,859.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: The Americas
Variants: G1888A G15930A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: C1
Descendant branch(s): C1c1 C1c2 C1c3 C1c4 C1c5 C1c6 C1c7 C1c8

YFull Info

Name: C1c

Age: 24600 to 20100 ybp [95% CI]

Expansion: 19500 to 17300 ybp [95% CI]

Variants: G1888A G15930A

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup C1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. It is a child of haplogroup C1. It was likely born in the Americas around 13,000 years ago. (Behar et al., 2012b)


At present, all known members of this lineage are from the Americas. Therefore, researchers believe it was born there.


Behar et al., 2012b placed the birth of the C1c lineage between 9,000 and 16,700 years ago. This means the line was born in the Mesolithic. At the time, people were using stone tools.

Ancient DNA

Coming Soon


Coming Soon

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: C1c
Age: 9,000 ± 4,500 Years Ago
Origin: the Americas
Blurb: This branch was born to a woman from a lineage that crossed the land bridge between Asia and the Americas during the last glacial maximum. Today, it is present in indigenous population groups in the United States, Mexico, and much of South America.Today, those from this line are most common in the Arsario (36 percent), Embera (31 percent), and the Ijka (28 percent). It is about 10 percent of Apache maternal lineages. It is around 6 percent of the Salta population. Among the Northern Paiute, the Wayúu, and the Vaupes, it is about 5 percent of the population. It is around 4 percent of the Dogrib and the Coreguaje.Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup C1c Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 C1c 1888 15930 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 C1c 1888 15930 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 C1c 1888 15930 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 C1c 1888 15930 Released 10 May 2009
05 C1c 1888 15930 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 C1c 1888 15930 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 C1c 1888 15930 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 C1c 1888 15930 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 C1c 1888 15930 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 C1c 1888 15930 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 C1c 1888 15930 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 C1c 1888 15930 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 C1c 1888 15930 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 C1c G1888A G15930A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 C1c G1888A G15930A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 C1c G1888A G15930A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 C1c G1888A G15930A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup C1c Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5003198 Behar et al., 2012b C1c C1c* C1c:152 C1c:150, 309.1C, 315.1C, 4702, 7853, 15007, 16519
Hap5007266 - Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 C1c - none C1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 6575, 15740, 15930R, 16093, 16485, 16490, 16491, 16496
Hap5007317 - Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 C1c - none C1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 6575, 15740, 16093, 16485, 16490, 16491, 16496
Hap5010459 Just et al., 2008 C1c C1c* none C1c:315.1C, 12397
Hap5010460 Just et al., 2008 C1c C1c* none C1c:315.1C, 3316, 4784, 7948, 8973, 12193
Hap5010463 Just et al., 2008 C1c C1c* none C1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 3948, 8700T, 12696, 16519
Hap5015952 Canada Achilli et al., 2008 C1c C1c* C1c:152 C1c:150, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 3394, 4702, 5162, 7853, 8251, 15007, 16519
Hap5017802 C1c C1c* none C1c:150, 199, 204, 309.1C, 315.1C, 3398, 3999, 4117, 5147, 7444, 8308, 11299, 11887, 16075
Hap5017804 C1c C1c* none C1c:94, 309.1C, 315.1C, 538C, 710, 3801, 9554, 9854, 15263, 15706, 15924, 16234
Hap5022445 Zheng et al., 2012 C1c C1c:195 C1c:185, 335, 523-524d, 3744, 7598, 12378, 12687, 13153, 16221, 16261, 16519
Hap5022446 Zheng et al., 2012 C1c C1c:16129, 16189 C1c:1462, 7766, 13879, 14581, 15262

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10045366 Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina
Hap10045367 Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina
Hap10045368 Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil
Hap10045369 Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil
Hap10045370 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10045371 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10045372 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10045373 United States Canada Canada Canada
Hap10045374 Chile Chile Chile Chile
Hap10045375 Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia
Hap10045376 Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia
Hap10045377 Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia
Hap10045378 Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia
Hap10045379 Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia
Hap10045380 Guatemala Guatemala Guatemala Guatemala
Hap10045381 Honduras Honduras Honduras Honduras
Hap10045382 Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10045383 Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10045384 Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10045385 United States Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10045386 United States United States Mexico Mexico
Hap10045387 United States United States Mexico Mexico
Hap10045388 United States Panama Panama Panama
Hap10045389 Peru Peru Peru Peru
Hap10045390 United States Peru Peru Peru

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: October 5, 2018 at 18:10 pm

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