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Age: 6,316.6 ± 3,676.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T1005C
Parent Branch: C1b5
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup C1b5a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 2,600 and 10,000 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup C1b5a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

13C1b5a1005Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14C1b5aT1005CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15C1b5aT1005CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16C1b5aT1005CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17C1b5aT1005CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup C1b5a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005301Behar et al., 2012bnoneC1b5a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3531, 5821, 7747, 8572, 16320Y
Hap5010461Just et al., 2008noneC1b5a:309.1CN, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5605
Hap5010469Just et al., 2008noneC1b5a:309.1N, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3357T, 7628A, 15790, 16519
Hap5017789C1b5a:146C1b5a:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10045299United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|