Age: 1,288.7 ± 1,958.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G263A C4242T G7013A C9557T G12454A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: C1b
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup C1b2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 3,200 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup C1b2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01C1b2263 7013 9557 12454 16519Released 27 Aug 2008
02C1b2263 7013 9557 12454 16519Released 14 Oct 2008
04C1b2263 7013 9557 12454Released 10 May 2009
05C1b2263 7013 9557 12454Released 8 Jul 2009
06C1b2263! 7013 9557 12454Released 28 Sep 2009
07C1b2263! 7013 9557 12454Released 10 Nov 2009
08C1b2263! 7013 9557 12454Released 21 Mar 2010
09C1b2263! 4242 7013 9557 12454Released 20 Jun 2010
10C1b2263! 4242 7013 9557 12454Released 10 Aug 2010
11C1b2263! 4242 7013 9557 12454Released 7 Feb 2011
12C1b2263! 4242 7013 9557 12454Released 20 Jul 2011
13C1b2263! 4242 7013 9557 12454Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14C1b2G263A C4242T G7013A C9557T G12454AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15C1b2G263A C4242T G7013A C9557T G12454AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16C1b2G263A C4242T G7013A C9557T G12454AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17C1b2G263A C4242T G7013A C9557T G12454AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup C1b2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001178Behar et al., 2012bnoneC1b2:152Y, 315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5007522Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneC1b2:315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5008246Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneC1b2:315.1C, 523-524d, 9165
Hap5010447Just et al., 2008noneC1b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5010448Just et al., 2008noneC1b2:315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5010449Just et al., 2008noneC1b2:315.1C, 523-524d, 14883
Hap5010450Just et al., 2008noneC1b2:315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5010451Just et al., 2008noneC1b2:315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5010452Just et al., 2008noneC1b2:315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5010453Just et al., 2008noneC1b2:315.1C, 523-524d, 16223Y
Hap5010454Just et al., 2008noneC1b2:315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5010455Just et al., 2008noneC1b2:315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5010456Just et al., 2008noneC1b2:315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5010457Just et al., 2008noneC1b2:315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5010458Just et al., 2008noneC1b2:315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5022101Maca-Meyer et al., 2001C1b2:4242C1b2:315.1C, 523-524d, 12574
Hap5022431Zheng et al., 2012noneC1b2:523-524d
Hap5022432Zheng et al., 2012noneC1b2:523-524d, 14053
Hap5022433Zheng et al., 2012noneC1b2:523-524d
Hap5022434Zheng et al., 2012noneC1b2:523-524d
Hap5022435Zheng et al., 2012nonenone
Hap5022436Zheng et al., 2012noneC1b2:523-524d
Hap5022437Zheng et al., 2012noneC1b2:523-524d
Hap5022438Zheng et al., 2012noneC1b2:315.1C
Hap5022439Zheng et al., 2012nonenone

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10045125United StatesCubaCubaCuba
Hap10045126Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10045127Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10045128Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10045129Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10045130Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10045131Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10045132Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10045133Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10045134Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10045135Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10045136Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10045137Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10045138Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10045139Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10045140Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10045141Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10045142Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10045143Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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