Age: 18,599.9 ± 7,497.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C150T A7202G G9554A G15257A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: M71a
Descendant branch(s): M71a1a


Haplogroup M71a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,100 and 26,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M71a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

11M71a1150 7202 9554 15257Released 7 Feb 2011
12M71a1150 7202 9554 15257Released 20 Jul 2011
13M71a1150 7202 9554 15257Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M71a1C150T A7202G G9554A G15257AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M71a1C150T A7202G G9554A G15257AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M71a1C150T A7202G G9554A G15257AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M71a1C150T A7202G G9554A G15257AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M71a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5017243Kong et al., 2011M71a1:151, 152M71a1:204, 315.1C, 5899.1C, 7178, 12408, 13530, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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