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Age: 11,249.8 ± 6,019.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C146a T16223C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: M7c1c
Descendant branch(s): M7c1c2a


Haplogroup M7c1c2 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup M7c1c2 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

04M7c3b146A 16223Released 10 May 2009
05M7c3b146A 16223Released 8 Jul 2009
06M7c3b146A 16223!Released 28 Sep 2009
07M7c3b146A 16223!Released 10 Nov 2009
08M7c3b146A 16223!Released 21 Mar 2010
09M7c3b146A 16223!Released 20 Jun 2010
10M7c3b146A 16223!Released 10 Aug 2010
11M7c3b146A 16223!Released 7 Feb 2011
12M7c3b146A 16223!Released 20 Jul 2011
13M7c3b146A 16223!Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M7c3bC146a T16223CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M7c3bC146a T16223CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M7c1c2C146a T16223CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M7c1c2C146a T16223CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M7c1c2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5011327Ko et al., 2014M7c1c2:16295, 16311M7c1c2:204, 252, 9670
Hap5018155Liu et al., 2012M7c1c2:16295M7c1c2:204, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 14502, 15949, 16176
Hap5018248Liu et al., 2012M7c1c2:16295M7c1c2:204, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 14502, 15949, 16176
Hap5020136Trejaut et al., 2011M7c1c2:16295M7c1c2:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 6074, 8020, 16362
Hap5020141Trejaut et al., 2011M7c1c2:16295M7c1c2:202, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 9254, 16181
Hap5020147Trejaut et al., 2011M7c1c2:16295M7c1c2:204, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 960.1XC, 5715, 6236, 8078
Hap5020156Trejaut et al., 2011M7c1c2:16295M7c1c2:315.1C, 523-524d, 4679, 12134, 14581
Hap5020160Trejaut et al., 2011M7c1c2:16295M7c1c2:204, 315.1C, 523-524d, 960.1XC, 13392
Hap5020174Liu et al., 2014M7c1c2:16295M7c1c2:315.1C, 523-524d, 7160, 16111A
Hap5022129Kong et al., 2003M7c1c2:16295M7c1c2:204, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 960.1XC, 5715, 6236, 8078
Hap5023446Zheng et al., 2011M7c1c2:16295M7c1c2:523-524d, 6249, 16362
Hap5023447Zheng et al., 2011M7c1c2:14783, 16295M7c1c2:523-524d, 7160, 8860N, 13203, 14766N, 14783N

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|