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Age: 22,953.7 ± 4,828.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T199C T5442C (C16295T)
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: M7c
Descendant branch(s): M7c1a M7c1b M7c1c


Haplogroup M7c1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 13,000 and 22,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M7c1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 M7c 4850 5442 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 M7c 4850 5442 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 M7c 5442 (16295) Released 1 Mar 2009
04 M7c 5442 (16295) Released 10 May 2009
05 M7c 5442 (16295) Released 8 Jul 2009
06 M7c 5442 (16295) Released 28 Sep 2009
07 M7c 5442 (16295) Released 10 Nov 2009
08 M7c 5442 (16295) Released 21 Mar 2010
09 M7c 5442 (16295) Released 20 Jun 2010
10 M7c 5442 (16295) Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M7c 199 5442 (16295) Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M7c 199 5442 (16295) Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M7c 199 5442 (16295) Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M7c T199C T5442C C16295T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M7c T199C T5442C (C16295T) Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M7c1 T199C T5442C (C16295T) Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M7c1 T199C T5442C (C16295T) Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M7c1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5020145 Trejaut et al., 2011 M7c1:16295 M7c1:246, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3535, 9449, 14040, 14200
Hap5023438 Zheng et al., 2011 M7c1:152, 195, 9824 M7c1:198, 315.1C, 929T, 3277, 4216, 8939N, 8940N, 9824N, 10921, 14684, 15363, 16192, 16224

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: July 2, 2016 at 0:54 am

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