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Age: 2,561.2 ± 2,390.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A9299G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: M7a1a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup M7a1a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 200 and 5,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M7a1a1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
04 M7a1a1a 9299 Released 10 May 2009
05 M7a1a1a 9299 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 M7a1a1a 9299 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 M7a1a1a 9299 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 M7a1a1a 9299 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 M7a1a1a 9299 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 M7a1a1a 9299 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M7a1a1a 9299 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M7a1a1a 9299 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M7a1a1a 9299 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M7a1a1a A9299G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M7a1a1a A9299G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M7a1a1a A9299G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M7a1a1a A9299G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M7a1a1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005485 Bilal et al., 2008 none M7a1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5899.1CC, 16519
Hap5005540 Bilal et al., 2008 none M7a1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 2056, 7444, 16519
Hap5014572 Tanaka et al., 2004 none M7a1a1a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5014976 Tanaka et al., 2004 none M7a1a1a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 12984, 16519
Hap5015044 Tanaka et al., 2004 M7a1a1a:152 M7a1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 9962, 16519
Hap5015073 Tanaka et al., 2004 none M7a1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 4659, 6176, 16519
Hap5015102 Tanaka et al., 2004 none M7a1a1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5015335 Ueno et al., 2009 none M7a1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 504, 523-524d, 15217, 16519
Hap5023409 Zheng et al., 2011 none M7a1a1a:310N, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5023410 Zheng et al., 2011 none M7a1a1a:1-2d, 523-524d, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10070989United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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