Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 10,139.0 ± 2,236.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T11017C A11084G
Parent Branch: M7a1
Descendant branch(s): M7a1a1 M7a1a2 M7a1a3 M7a1a4 M7a1a5 M7a1a6 M7a1a7 M7a1a8 M7a1a9


Haplogroup M7a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 7,900 and 12,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M7a1a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01M7a1a11017 11084Released 27 Aug 2008
02M7a1a11017 11084Released 14 Oct 2008
03M7a1a11017 11084Released 1 Mar 2009
04M7a1a11017 11084Released 10 May 2009
05M7a1a11017 11084Released 8 Jul 2009
06M7a1a11017 11084Released 28 Sep 2009
07M7a1a11017 11084Released 10 Nov 2009
08M7a1a11017 11084Released 21 Mar 2010
09M7a1a11017 11084Released 20 Jun 2010
10M7a1a11017 11084Released 10 Aug 2010
11M7a1a11017 11084Released 7 Feb 2011
12M7a1a11017 11084Released 20 Jul 2011
13M7a1a11017 11084Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M7a1aT11017C A11084GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M7a1aT11017C A11084GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M7a1aT11017C A11084GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M7a1aT11017C A11084GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M7a1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5004861Behar et al., 2012bnoneM7a1a:214R, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3736, 5785, 6899, 16519
Hap5005473Bilal et al., 2008noneM7a1a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 7055, 10373, 16262.1C, 16519
Hap5005510Bilal et al., 2008noneM7a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 10373, 16262.1C, 16519
Hap5005523Bilal et al., 2008noneM7a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3523, 5899.1CCC, 8683, 9064, 10914, 13590
Hap5010744Kazuno et al., 2005M7a1a:5899.1XCM7a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3849, 15314, 16092, 16362, 16368, 16519, 16526
Hap5010775Kazuno et al., 2005noneM7a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 10373, 16262.1C, 16519
Hap5011913Mikami et al., 2013noneM7a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5773, 6632, 8565, 10646, 16051, 16234, 16519
Hap5011978Mikami et al., 2013noneM7a1a:204, 315.1C, 523-524d, 2280, 16235, 16519
Hap5012012Mikami et al., 2013noneM7a1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 722, 5899.1CC, 6340, 7245, 12561, 15727, 16519
Hap5014597Tanaka et al., 2004M7a1a:195M7a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3456, 5899.1CC, 7352T, 15974, 16086, 16519
Hap5014618Tanaka et al., 2004M7a1a:16324M7a1a:150, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3010, 5899.1CC, 10274, 12630, 12651, 15317, 16519, 16527
Hap5014674Tanaka et al., 2004noneM7a1a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 10373, 16262.1C, 16519
Hap5014725Tanaka et al., 2004M7a1a:7521M7a1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 9053, 16342, 16519
Hap5014762Tanaka et al., 2004M7a1a:16209M7a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 4092, 5899.1CC, 8308, 16290
Hap5015312Ueno et al., 2009M7a1a:16129M7a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 2523, 5339, 5899.1CC, 15586, 15766T, 15927, 16286, 16519
Hap5015323Ueno et al., 2009noneM7a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 10373, 16262.1C, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10070969United StatesJapanJapanJapan
Hap10070970United StatesUnited StatesJapanJapan
Hap10070971United StatesUnited StatesJapanJapan
Hap10070972Korea, SouthKorea, SouthKorea, SouthKorea, South
Hap10070973United StatesJapanUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10070974Korea, SouthKorea, SouthUnspecifiedKorea, South
Hap10070975United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|