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Age: 34,658.7 ± 8,083.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G1462t G1598A G5460A (C6020T) (A16275G)
Parent Branch: M
Descendant branch(s): M52a M52b


Haplogroup M52 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup M52 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

06M521462T 1598 5460 6020 (10750)Released 28 Sep 2009
07M521462T 6020 16275Released 10 Nov 2009
07M52'581598 5460Released 10 Nov 2009
08M521462T 6020 16275Released 21 Mar 2010
08M52'581598 5460Released 21 Mar 2010
09M521462T 6020 16275Released 20 Jun 2010
09M52'581598 5460Released 20 Jun 2010
10M521462T 6020 16275Released 10 Aug 2010
10M52'581598 5460Released 10 Aug 2010
11M521462T 6020 16275Released 7 Feb 2011
11M52'581598 5460Released 7 Feb 2011
12M521462T 6020 16275Released 20 Jul 2011
12M52'581598 5460Released 20 Jul 2011
13M521462T 6020 16275Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
13M52'581598 5460Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M52G1462t C6020T A16275GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
14M52'58G1598A G5460AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M52G1462t C6020T A16275GReleased 30 Sep 2012
15M52'58G1598A G5460AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M52G1462t G1598A G5460A (C6020T) (A16275G)Released 19 Feb 2014
17M52G1462t G1598A G5460A (C6020T) (A16275G)Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M52 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|