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Age: 17,694.4 ± 6,172.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A4916G A13651G A16289G
Parent Branch: M65
Descendant branch(s): M65a1 M65a2


Haplogroup M65a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,500 and 23,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M65a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01M4b14916 13651Released 27 Aug 2008
02M4b14916 13651Released 14 Oct 2008
03M4b14916 13651Released 1 Mar 2009
04M4b14916 13651Released 10 May 2009
05M4b14916 13651Released 8 Jul 2009
06M4b14916 13651Released 28 Sep 2009
07M4b14916 13651 (16289)Released 10 Nov 2009
08M4b14916 13651 (16289)Released 21 Mar 2010
09M4b14916 13651 (16289)Released 20 Jun 2010
10M4b14916 13651 (16289)Released 10 Aug 2010
11M65a4916 13651 16289Released 7 Feb 2011
12M65a4916 13651 16289Released 20 Jul 2011
13M65a4916 13651 16289Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M65aA4916G A13651G A16289GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M65aA4916G A13651G A16289GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M65aA4916G A13651G A16289GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M65aA4916G A13651G A16289GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M65a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5010879Kivisild et al., 2006M65a:146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16278, 16289M65a:1-435d, 2177, 4721, 6261, 12635, 13293, 15930, 16022-16569d
Hap5014412Summerer et al., 2012noneM65a:309.1C, 315.1C, 922A, 16311
Hap5017256Sharma V et al., 2012noneM65a:309.1C, 315.1C, 573.1XC, 3010, 9254, 11836, 15479, 16311
Hap5019566Khan et al., 2014noneM65a:315.1C, 2831, 5147, 6152, 9410, 9716, 11778, 13708, 14766, 15217, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10070851United StatesIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10070854United StatesIndiaUnspecifiedIndia
Hap10070855United KingdomKenyaUnspecifiedKenya

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|