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Age: 28,171.0 ± 6,624.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T146C! A4734G T16189C!
Parent Branch: M4″67
Descendant branch(s): M45a


Haplogroup M45 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 21,500 and 34,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M45 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01M45146 9180 16189 16300Released 27 Aug 2008
02M45146 9180 16189 16300Released 14 Oct 2008
03M45146 9180 16189 16300Released 1 Mar 2009
04M45146 9180 16189 16300Released 10 May 2009
05M454734 9180Released 8 Jul 2009
06M454734 9180Released 28 Sep 2009
07M45(143) (146) (152) 4734 9180 (16189) (16300)Released 10 Nov 2009
08M45(143) (146) (152) 4734 9180 (16189) (16300)Released 21 Mar 2010
09M45(143) (146) (152) 4734 9180 (16189) (16300)Released 20 Jun 2010
10M45146 4734 16189Released 10 Aug 2010
11M45146 4734 16189Released 7 Feb 2011
12M45146 4734 16189Released 20 Jul 2011
13M45146 4734 16189Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M45T146C! A4734G T16189C!Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M45T146C! A4734G T16189C!Released 30 Sep 2012
16M45T146C! A4734G T16189C!Released 19 Feb 2014
17M45T146C! A4734G T16189C!Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M45 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5011053Kivisild et al., 2006M45:152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16230, 16278, 16311M45:1-435d, 4059A, 5319, 5585, 5910, 6827, 9095, 9180, 9509, 14687, 16022-16569d
Hap5016419Ji F et al., 2012noneM45:199, 1391, 3083, 7679, 10936, 13145, 13482, 16145, 16150, 16182C, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|