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M4

Summary

Age: 12,734.3 ± 7,315.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T6620C G7859A G16145A C16261T
Parent Branch: M4″67
Descendant branch(s): M4a M4b

Background

Haplogroup M4 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup M4 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

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Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01M4a93 152 593 6620 7859 9210 10235 14502 16145 16176 16257 16261Released 27 Aug 2008
02M4a152 6620 7859 16145 16261Released 14 Oct 2008
03M4a152 6620 7859 16145 16261Released 1 Mar 2009
04M4a152 6620 7859 16145 16261Released 10 May 2009
05M4a152 6620 7859 16145 16261Released 8 Jul 2009
06M4a152 6620 7859 16145 16261Released 28 Sep 2009
07M4a(152) 6620 7859 16145 16261Released 10 Nov 2009
08M4a(152) 6620 7859 16145 16261Released 21 Mar 2010
09M4a(152) 6620 7859 16145 16261Released 20 Jun 2010
10M4a(152) 6620 7859 16145 16261Released 10 Aug 2010
11M4(152) 6620 7859 16145 16261Released 7 Feb 2011
12M4(152) 6620 7859 16145 16261Released 20 Jul 2011
13M4(152) 6620 7859 16145 16261Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M4(T152C) T6620C G7859A G16145A C16261TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M4(T152C) T6620C G7859A G16145A C16261TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M4(T152C) T6620C G7859A G16145A C16261TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M4T6620C G7859A G16145A C16261TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M4 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005924Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneM4:152, 182, 309.1C, 315.1C, 16114, 16176, 16222
Hap5005927Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneM4:152, 182, 185, 309.1C, 315.1C, 5219, 9211, 16114, 16176, 16222
Hap5014462Sun et al., 2006noneM4:93, 309.1C, 315.1C, 593, 9210, 10235, 14502, 16176, 16257
Hap5015266Thangaraj et al., 2006noneM4:3306, 15466, 16086
Hap5020882Derenko et al., 2013noneM4:315.1C, 15466, 16086, 16399
Hap5020963Derenko et al., 2013noneM4:152, 292A, 315.1C, 12879, 16176

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10070605BangladeshBangladeshBangladeshBangladesh
Hap10070606IndiaIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10070607IndiaIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10070608IndiaIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10070609IndiaIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10070610PakistanIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10070611PhilippinesPhilippinesPhilippinesPhilippines
Hap10070612TurkeyTurkeyTurkeyTurkey
Hap10070613CanadaIndiaUnspecifiedIndia
Hap10070614IndiaIndiaUnspecifiedIndia
Hap10070615United StatesIndiaUnspecifiedIndia
Hap10070616UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070617UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070618UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070619UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070620UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070621UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070622UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070623UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070624UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070625UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070626UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070627UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070628UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070629UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|