Age: 11,337.3 ± 6,537.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: T16224C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: M37e
Descendant branch(s):

YFull Info

Name: -

Age: -

Expansion: -

Variants: -

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup M37e2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,800 and 17,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M37e2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
07 M37e2 16224 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 M37e2 16224 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 M37e2 16224 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 M37e2 16224 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M37e2 16224 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M37e2 16224 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M37e2 16224 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M37e2 T16224C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M37e2 T16224C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M37e2 T16224C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M37e2 T16224C Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M37e2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5006315 - Chandrasekar et al., 2009 M37e2 - none M37e2:309.1C, 315.1C, 15670, 16093, 16545
Hap5006324 - Chandrasekar et al., 2009 M37e2 - M37e2:152, 14783 M37e2:309.1C, 315.1C, 8410, 16178, 16292
Hap5006325 - Chandrasekar et al., 2009 M37e2 - M37e2:152 M37e2:309.1C, 315.1C, 8410, 16178, 16292

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10070462 United States India India India
Hap10070463 United Kingdom Pakistan India India
Hap10070464 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070465 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070466 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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