Age: 9,799.1 ± 5,472.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: A93G C194T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: M18
Descendant branch(s):

YFull Info

Name: -
Age: -
Expansion: -
 Variants: -

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup M18a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,300 and 15,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M18a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
12 M18a 93 194 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M18a 93 194 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M18a A93G C194T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M18a A93G C194T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M18a A93G C194T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M18a A93G C194T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M18a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDOriginPublicationHg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFullMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005967 - Chandrasekar et al., 2009 M18a - none M18a:315.1C, 1804, 8113A, 14536
Hap5009271 - Govindaraj et al., 2011 M18a - none M18a:309.1C, 315.1C, 3106N, 4612, 8346, 8790
Hap5012459 - Rajkumar et al., 2005 M18a - M18a:12498, 13135 M18a:315.1C, 9829A, 16347
Hap5015261 - Thangaraj et al., 2006 M18a - M18a:13135, 16189 M18a:585, 789, 7385, 9494, 9912, 9951, 13802, 15942
Hap5018103 - Wang HW et al., 2012 M18a - M18a:16318T M18a:309.1C, 315.1C, 16318C
Hap5021044 - Derenko et al., 2013 M18a - none M18a:315.1C, 16319

Sources & Resources

Related Sources


Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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