Age: 22,506.8 ± 7,776.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: C16111T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: M57
Descendant branch(s):

YFull Info

Name: -

Age: -

Expansion: -

Variants: -

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup M57a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 14,700 and 30,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M57a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
07 M57a 16111 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 M57a 16111 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 M57a 16111 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 M57a 16111 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M57a 16111 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M57a 16111 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M57a 16111 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M57a C16111T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M57a C16111T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M57a C16111T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M57a C16111T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M57a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5006393 - Chandrasekar et al., 2009 M57a - none M57a:309.1C, 315.1C, 329, 500G, 505, 518A, 520A, 4216, 5354, 7025, 7678, 9446, 9932, 15077, 15313, 16359
Hap5006394 - Chandrasekar et al., 2009 M57a - none M57a:309.1C, 315.1C, 329, 653T, 4216, 5354, 7025, 7702, 7961, 9446, 9932, 15077, 15313, 16359
Hap5006395 - Chandrasekar et al., 2009 M57a - none M57a:309.1C, 315.1C, 513, 4874C, 10768

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10070712 India India Bangladesh Bangladesh
Hap10070713 India India India India
Hap10070714 India India India India
Hap10070715 India India India India
Hap10070716 India India India India
Hap10070717 India India India India
Hap10070718 India India India India
Hap10070719 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070720 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070721 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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