Age: Undetermined
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: C15676T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: M31b
Descendant branch(s):

YFull Info

Name: -

Age: -

Expansion: -

Variants: -

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup M31b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup M31b1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
05 M31b1 188 234 282 9269 14152 15935 16126 16311 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 M31b1 188 234 282 9269 14152 15935 Released 28 Sep 2009
13 M31b1 15676 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M31b1 C15676T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M31b1 C15676T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M31b1 C15676T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M31b1 C15676T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M31b1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5017906 - Wang HW et al., 2011 M31b1 - M31b1:146 M31b1:315.1C, 2071G, 7859, 8251, 10042, 10314G, 16519
Hap5017907 - Wang HW et al., 2011 M31b1 - none M31b1:315.1C, 3337, 3834, 11989, 14212, 16126, 16519
Hap5023399 Palanichamy et al., 2006 M31b1 M31b1:16093 M31b1:3337, 3834, 14212, 16126, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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