Age: 28,731.3 ± 7,296.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G228t C11061T A16066G C16311T!!
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: Q1'2
Descendant branch(s): Q2a Q2b


Haplogroup Q2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 21,400 and 36,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup Q2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01Q2195 228T 5557 10214 10283 11061 15519 16066 16311Released 27 Aug 2008
02Q2228T 11061 16066 16311Released 14 Oct 2008
03Q2228T 11061 16066 16311Released 1 Mar 2009
04Q2228T 11061 16066 16311Released 10 May 2009
05Q2228T 11061 16066 16311Released 8 Jul 2009
06Q2228T 11061 16066 16311!Released 28 Sep 2009
07Q2228T 11061 16066 16311!Released 10 Nov 2009
08Q2228T 11061 16066 16311!Released 21 Mar 2010
09Q2228T 11061 16066 16311!Released 20 Jun 2010
10Q2228T 11061 16066 16311!Released 10 Aug 2010
11Q2228T 11061 16066 16311!Released 7 Feb 2011
12Q2228T 11061 16066 16311!Released 20 Jul 2011
13Q2228T 11061 16066 16311!Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14Q2G228t C11061T A16066G C16311T!!Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15Q2G228t C11061T A16066G C16311T!!Released 30 Sep 2012
16Q2G228t C11061T A16066G C16311T!!Released 19 Feb 2014
17Q2G228t C11061T A16066G C16311T!!Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup Q2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 25, 2018 at 20:57 pm

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