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Age: 14,690.0 ± 4,924.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A92G! G207A C1375T T7993C T10256C A11314G G16241A!
Parent Branch: Q1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup Q1b is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup Q1b Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01Q1b16172Released 27 Aug 2008
02Q1b16172Released 14 Oct 2008
04Q1b92 16172Released 10 May 2009
05Q1b92 16172Released 8 Jul 2009
06Q1b92! 16172Released 28 Sep 2009
07Q1b92! 16172Released 10 Nov 2009
08Q1b92! 16172Released 21 Mar 2010
09Q1b92! 16172Released 20 Jun 2010
10Q1b92! 16172Released 10 Aug 2010
11Q1b92! 16172Released 7 Feb 2011
12Q1b92! 16172Released 20 Jul 2011
13Q1b92! 16172Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14Q1bA92G! T16172CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15Q1bA92G! T16172CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16Q1bA92G! T16172CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17Q1bA92G! G207A C1375T T7993C T10256C A11314G G16241A!Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup Q1b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5010138Ingman et al., 2000Q1b:16223Q1b:208, 309.1C, 315.1C, 8577, 10142, 12477, 14070T, 16255, 16519
Hap5012035Noer et al., 2007Q1b:8964, 16223Q1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1438R, 2706R, 3398Y, 3531K, 4117Y, 4769R, 4985R, 7028Y, 7268G, 8701R, 8790R, 8860R, 9540Y, 10398R, 10400Y, 10873Y, 11335Y, 11719R, 12705Y, 13764Y, 14025Y, 15067, 15257, 15924R, 16355, 16519
Hap5012277Pierson et al., 2006Q1b:16241Q1b:59, 207, 315.1C, 1375, 7993, 10256, 11314
Hap5012279Pierson et al., 2006Q1b:16241Q1b:207, 315.1C, 861, 1375, 7993, 10256, 11314
Hap5021989Duggan et al., 2014bQ1b:16172, 16241Q1b:207, 1375, 7993, 9007, 10256, 11212, 11314, 16542
Hap5022055Duggan et al., 2014bQ1b:16172Q1b:1391, 6221, 13368, 14503, 16362, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|