Age: 15,574.7 ± 4,828.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: C7681T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: Q1
Descendant branch(s): Q1a1

YFull Info

Name: -

Age: -

Expansion: -

Variants: -

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup Q1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 10,700 and 20,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup Q1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 Q1a 7681 16223 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 Q1a 7681 16223 Released 14 Oct 2008
04 Q1a 7681 Released 10 May 2009
05 Q1a 7681 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 Q1a 7681 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 Q1a 7681 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 Q1a 7681 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 Q1a 7681 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 Q1a 7681 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 Q1a 7681 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 Q1a 7681 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 Q1a 7681 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 Q1a C7681T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 Q1a C7681T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 Q1a C7681T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 Q1a C7681T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup Q1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5010182 Ingman et al., 2000 Q1a Q1a1a Q1a:16187 Q1a:208, 309.1C, 315.1C, 3398, 4674, 8152, 8910, 9266, 9770, 16222, 16519
Hap5010185 Ingman et al., 2000 Q1a Q1a* Q1a:92 Q1a:315.1C, 15498, 16362, 16519
Hap5021713 Papua New Guinea Duggan et al., 2014b Q1a Q1a1a Q1a:16343 Q1a:208, 523-524d, 679, 9266, 10358, 16222, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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